Architectural Styles of Franklin

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Federal Style (ca. 1800-1840)

Federal Style

Federal Style homes became popular throughout the East Coast during the post-Revolutionary years to about 1840. Federal Style homes have gable or hipped roofs with dentils or modillions at the roof eaves and either an exterior or interior chimney. The front façade is usually symmetrical. Special attention was given to the entrances. Paneled wood doors are surrounded by with sidelights and transoms, often fan-shaped. Federal homes have numerous windows that have shutters as well as decorative lintels or pediments over them. The houses are mostly made out of brick. Most do not have their original porches.

Greek Revival Style (ca. 1830-1870)

Greek Revival Style

Like Federal Style houses, Greek Revival Style houses have hipped or gabled roofs and can have either an interior or exterior chimney. The entrance to the home has a large, full height porch that usually contains round or square columns in Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian orders. The second story porches have railings with round or square balusters. Windows typically have decorative lintels over them and the roof eaves have dentils.

Queen Anne Style (ca. 1880-1905)

Queen Anne Style

Queen Anne houses are characterized by their asymmetrical massing, with a steeply pitched roof—typically hipped—and dominant front-facing gable. Some Queen Anne houses include a tower with a conical or steeply pitched hipped roof. Other decorative features include patterned shingles or other typed of textured wall surfaces, cutaway bay windows, partial or full-width porches that may wrap around to a side elevation, and decorative porch detailing. Modest versions are typically sheathed with wood siding whereas brick and stone walls are common on more elaborative examples.

Colonial Revival Style (ca. 1895-1930)

Colonial Style

Identifying features of Colonial Revival Style include an accentuated front entrance, typically with a decorative pediment that is sometimes extended forward to form a small porch supported by slender columns. The door may be flanked by sidelights and surmounted by a fanlight. Windows generally have hung sashes with multiple panes and may be flanked by wood shutters. Both symmetrical and asymmetrical versions can be found. Dutch Colonial Revival houses feature gambrel roofs. Wall material can be wood, stone, brick, and even stucco.

Bungalow (ca. 1905-1930)


Bungalows were the predominant housing style of the first quarter of the twentieth century. They are known for their low-pitched gabled roofs, although some examples have hipped roofs. The most common bungalows are front-gabled with projecting lower-gabled porches. The roods have wide overhanging eaves with exposed rafter tails. The porch roof is supported by tapered or square columns on brick piers or a solid porch balustrade. Decorative braces or brackets are often found underneath the gables. Early examples typically have wood wall cladding whereas examples from the 1920s were often constructed of brick.

Ranch (ca. 1935-1975)

Ranch style

Ranch-style homes were the predominant housing style of the mid-twentieth century.  Asymmetrical one-story ranch homes with low-pitched hipped roofs are the most prevailing examples, though some feature cross-gabled or side-gabled roofs.  The ranch is indicative by its moderate or wide eave overhang, its exposed rafters, its frequent use of ribbon banding windows, its focus on horizontality, and its typical use of wooden or brick wall cladding.  Many ranch homes also feature bits of more traditional architectural detailing, such as those of Spanish or English Colonial precedents.