My building/business has been here for many years. Are the conditions grandfathered so I don't have to make changes?
How do I submit fire sprinkler drawings for review?
- Underground Fire Sprinkler Lines
- Hot Box and Pit/Vault
- Fire Hydrants
- Automatic Fire Sprinkler System
- Automatic Fire Alarm System
- Fire Extinguishers and Commercial Cooking Hood Systems
The Franklin Fire Department enforces the 2018 edition of the International Fire Code (IFC), the 2018 edition of the National Fire Protection (NFPA) Life Safety Code 101, and codes referenced therein. These codes and regulations apply to both new and existing buildings as indicated in the applicable code section(s).
Limited online access to the International Code Series is provided by the International Code Council at http://publicecodes.cyberregs.com/icod/index.htm.
The Franklin Municipal Code Title VII also contains fire code-related provisions that are enforced by the department. You can find the fire protection section of the Franklin Municipal Code online at http://library.municode.com/HTML/14633/level2/PTIICOOR_TIT7FIPRFI.html
Grandfathering is actually a term used in zoning and certain planning applications. The fire and life safety codes contain provisions for both new and existing occupancies. Existing buildings and businesses are required to comply with the minimum requirements for existing occupancies unless they make changes to the building or tenant space. When this occurs, or when a change of use occurs (from Business to Assembly, Business to Educational, Mercantile to Business, etc.), the building or tenant space may be required to comply with requirements for new construction. The plan review process is designed to assist business owners and architects with these types of transitions.
The following issues are frequently identified as causing delays in the approval process. Although each of these may not be pertinent to every project, most should be considered.
1. Provide a valid water flow test indicating 1,500 gpm at 20 psi is available at the project site.
2. Provide connectivity proactively to other streets and/or private property through cross access easements.
3. Provide fire apparatus access within 150 ft. of all part of the building. Access roads must be all-weather capable of supporting the weight of fire apparatus.
4. Turning radius on streets must comply with the department's turning requirements for the largest apparatus. Please contact the Fire Marshal's Office for these specifications.
5. Consider a master addressing plan early.
6. Provide a fire sprinkler lateral for all buildings 5,000 gross SF and larger.
7. Provide a Fire Department Connection (FDC) on the address/front side of the building. Provide a fire hydrant within 150 ft. of the FDC for sprinklered buildings and within 400 ft. of non-sprinklered buildings.
8. Locate hydrants on the public water main where possible.
9. Locate hydrants near intersections for better visibility.
10. Submit to the appropriate water utility for a preliminary review.
http://franklin.contractorsplanroom.com/SECURE/. Fire sprinkler plans must be submitted in both Auto-CAD (.dwg) format and Adobe (.pdf).
The following issues are frequently identified as causing delays in the inspection process. Although each of these may not be pertinent to every project, most should be considered.
Most Common Hazards by Occupancy
Includes such buildings or parts used for movie theaters, concert halls, theaters, night clubs, restaurants, bars, community halls, dance halls, churches, etc.
|Blocked exits||Exit sign missing or not working|
|Doors locked during hours of occupancy||Overcrowded/no occupant load signage|
|Aisles not maintained||Fire extinguishers not serviced|
|Use of extension cords as permanent wiring||Decorations are not flame retardant|
|Panic hardware not maintained/poor working order||Emergency lighting missing/not working|
|Fire alarm test records not available||Commercial cooking system records not maintained|
|Deadbolts on exit doors|
Business and Mercantile
Buildings or parts of buildings used for offices or professional services are considered "Business" and may include banks, civic buildings, professional services (architects, attorneys, dentists, physicians, etc.), barber and beauty shops, etc.
Buildings used for the display or sale of merchandise are generally called "Mercantile" and include department stores, drug stores, markets, retail or wholesale stores, sales rooms, etc.
|Blocked exits||Exit sign missing or not working|
|Fire extinguishers not serviced||Use of extension cords as permanent wiring|
|Poor housekeeping in storage areas||Careless trash (wastepaper) disposal|
|Careless disposal of smoking material||Combustibles stored near heating sources|
|Improper storage of flammable liquids||Lack of maintenance/testing of fire protection systems|
|Blocked sprinkler heads|
Applies to buildings or parts of buildings used for educational purposes through the 12th grade.
|Blocked, locked, or chained exits||Blocked sprinkler heads|
|Exit lights not functioning||Fire protection systems not maintained|
|Unsafe storage practices in chemistry labs||Flammable liquids improperly stored|
|Excessive combustible storage||Lack of fire drills or documentation|
|Non-flame retardant curtains in auditorium||Use of extension cords as permanent wiring|
|Combustibles stored near heat sources||Automotive spray paining in unapproved booths|
|Welding hazards||Lack of emergency vehicle access to building|
Occupancies classified as "Institutional" consists of many types of buildings and uses including residential board and care, assisted living, group homes, hospitals, nursing homes, child and adult daycares, and secured facilities such as jails and prisons.
|Fire protection systems not maintained||Extension cords used as permanent wiring|
|Concealed smoking by patients||Lack of maintenance of commercial cooking hoods|
|Exits blocked or locked||Fire doors propped open|
|Excessive storage of combustibles||Emergency generator not maintained|
|Combustibles too close to heating sources||Evacucation plan outdated, inadequate, or not posted|
Codes enforced by the Franklin Fire Department in buildings classified as "Residential" do not include 1 and 2 family homes. The types of buildings and occupancies that are inspected or are subject to the adopted fire and life safety codes include hotels/motels, apartment buildings, and similar uses.
|Blocked exits||Fire extinguishers not serviced or missing|
|Excessive storage in basement or corridors||Poor housekeeping|
|Missing or inoperative exit signs||Accumulation of dryer lint/dust in laundry room|
|Combustibles stored near heating equipment||Lack of/blocked fire department access|
|Penetrations in fire-rated walls||Incomplete or missing evacuation plans|
|Stairway doors propped open||Fire protection systems not maintained|
Buildings or parts of buildings where assembling, disassembling, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing, packaging, repair, or processing operations occurs are classified as "Factory." These facilities or uses are further considered as Low or Moderate Hazard occupancies.
|Fire protection system not maintained||Type of raw materials/products not appropriate for fire protection systems|
|Extension cords in use as permanent wiring||Exits locked or obstructed|
|Fire doors propped open||Excessive storage of combustible materials|
Buildings or parts of buildings may be classified as "Storage" as long as hazardous materials are not part of the storage. Within the overall classification, there are two sub-categories of Low-hazard and Moderate-hazard.
|Fire protection systems not adequate for materials stored||Exits obstructed|
|Fire protection systems not maintained||Electrical/machinery hazards|
|Improper storage/disposal of oily rags||Improper disposal of trash/waste|
|Aisles between storage/racks not maintained||Sprinkler heads obstructed|
|Fire doors propped open|